Schengen Agreement Wiki

Schengen states that share a common land border with a third state are allowed, in accordance with the European Union Regulation 1931/2006, to conclude or maintain bilateral agreements with neighbouring third countries for the purpose of implementing a border area system. [273] Such agreements define a border area of up to 50 km on both sides of the border and provide for the granting of permits for small border traffic for the inhabitants of the border area. Authorizations can be used to cross the EU`s external border within the border area, are not stamped when crossing the border and must include the name and photo of the holder, as well as a statement indicating that the holder is not allowed to travel outside the border area and that any abuse is punishable. The two Schengen agreements have been a major step forward for transport in Europe. Queues would often be one kilometre long and wait for border patrols to sign them, but the agreements helped to stop them. Today, people can enter neighbouring countries without having to present any form of identity card. Of course, airlines always require you to show it for security reasons, but border controls are much easier to navigate and don`t even exist in some cases. In 1999, the United Kingdom formally requested participation in certain provisions of the Schengen acquis – Title III on police security and judicial cooperation – in 1999, and this request was adopted by the Council of the European Union on 29 May 2000. [102] The UK`s formal participation in previously approved areas of cooperation was brought into effect by a 2004 Council decision that came into force on 1 January 2005. [103] Although the United Kingdom was not part of the Schengen area,[104] it has always used the Schengen information system, a government database used by European countries to store and disseminate information on individuals and goods.

This has allowed the UK to exchange information with countries that are part of the Schengen Agreement, often to connect to legal proceedings. [105] In 2020, the United Kingdom has declared that it will withdraw from these agreements at the end of its transition period. Permissions are issued for a validity period of one to five years and allow you to stay in the border area for up to three months. Permissions may only be granted to legitimate residents of the border area who have been in the border area for at least one year (or more if provided for in the bilateral agreement). Applicants must prove that they have legitimate reasons for frequently crossing a land border under the local border transportation system. Schengen states must maintain a central register of authorisations issued and allow other Schengen states immediate access to relevant data.

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